ESC Clinical Practice Guidelines on The Management of Chronic and Acute Heart Failure

Guidelines for Patients

What patients need to know


Based on ESC Clinical Practice Guidelines, these documents describe diagnosis and treatment recommendations based on medical and scientific evidence from healthcare professionals. They are intended to contribute to patients’ understanding of their condition, to give them the knowledge and confidence to be involved in shared decision-making with their healthcare providers. It also provides suggestions on ways to take care of themselves, which is essential in the effective management of their disease.

Chronic and Acute Heart Failure

ESC Clinical Practice Guidelines on The Management of Chronic and Acute Heart Failure
This guide for patients aims to provide an overview of the latest evidence-based recommendations for the diagnosis and treatment of heart failure. In particular, it should help patients to understand the:

  • main types of heart failure
  • medicines you may be offered
  • devices that might be considered appropriate
  • importance of being treated by a multidisciplinary team
  • importance of rehabilitation
  • importance of looking after yourself and managing your condition

Download the Guidelines

This document is not intended as a guide on how the heart works, nor can it be exhaustive. The topics included in this document have links that will direct the interested reader to the appropriate sections in the 2021 ESC Clinical Practice Guidelines.




A series of 9 simple, captivating animations explaining heart failure and its treatment.

These narrated animations explain how a healthy heart works, what happens to it in heart failure and how various treatments work to improve your health.


In this section you can watch, listen or read interviews with other people with heart failure and their caregivers.


and share your own views and experiences with other patients, families and caregivers. is a European Society of Cardiology website

The website was developed under the direction of the Heart Failure Association of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). The ESC is a world leader in the discovery and dissemination of best practices in cardiovascular medicine. Our members and decision-makers are healthcare professionals who volunteer their time and expertise to represent professionals in the field of cardiology in Europe and beyond.

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