Your heart failure may have been caused by a defective or diseased heart valve. Heart valves direct the one-way flow of blood inside your heart. Valves can either become narrowed, leak or both. If they don't work properly this puts extra strain on the heart and can lead to heart failure. This problem can be improved or cured by surgery, but will usually only be done if the anticipated benefits of surgery are likely to outweigh the risks.
During the operation, you will be connected to a heart-lung machine that supplies blood to the brain and body and the defective valve is removed and replaced.
In some circumstances the valve can be repaired without artificial materials, or the need for open heart surgery. Such procedures like mitral valvuloplasty or transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) are performed from the groin under local anaesthetic.
Following surgery, you may need to take medicine (anticoagulants ) to prevent blood clots from forming around your new heart valve. This is normally not required with tissue valves.
If any other type of surgery is required at a later date, you will usually be given an antibiotic to prevent valve infection.
|She felt wonderful after her mitral valve was replaced|